UPDATE 2018-02-28: Finland will not implement Internet voting. The working group report recommended against Internet voting due to the risks. END UPDATE
Finland has announced its intention to implement Internet voting in national elections. The working group has been struck as of February 2017 and its report is due by end of November 2017.
In its strategy session on Monday 24 October , the Government of Finland outlined that electronic voting will be introduced in Finland as an alternative to the traditional voting in all elections.
above from Ministry of Justice, Finland – Finnish Government: Introduction of internet voting set as goal – October 27, 2016 – also available in Finnish: Hallitus: Tavoitteeksi nettiäänestyksen käyttöönotto and Swedish: Regeringen: Införande av internetröstning som mål
Finnish Election Director Arto Jääskeläinen further expanded on their national plan through the Ministry of Justice blog in December 2016, but in Finnish only: Nettiäänestyksessä paljon pohdittavaa: Selvitys käyntiin
Google Translate struggles with Finnish, but here is a part of the post in translation
– Can the on-line voting system to protect your launch cyber-attacks and how the voter has the assurance that the resolution of his voice remains in the system and there is calculated in such a way as he is meant? Since the election shall be submitted at any given time, a successful denial of service attack would have serious consequences. Online Voting differs significantly from many other online services: voters and his its sound is not explicitly allowed to be able to connect to each other and the election may vote only at the end of the voting period even if the links were playing again.
Many security experts have recently expressed very critical views about the safety of online vote and were of the opinion that completely secure system does not exist. These speeches are in my opinion, should be treated with respect and take them into account in the development of on-line voting.
The working group was struck on February 21, 2017.
The working group is tasked with conducting a study on the potential system to be used for online voting in general elections and consultative referendums. The study will, among other things, examine the operating environment, market and data security of online voting, analyse the related risks, and present proposals for further measures.
above from the Ministry of Justice, republished on the elections site – Working group to conduct feasibility study on online voting – also available in Finnish: Työryhmä tekee esiselvityksen nettiäänestyksen toteuttamisesta and in Swedish: Arbetsgrupp gör förutredning om internetröstning
At this point I should probably note that email@example.com is not an actual email address (I made this mistake myself), it’s just a formula for constructing an email address with firstname (etunimi) dot lastname (sukunimi).
There is a page with more details but it is only available in Finnish and Swedish.
In document Työryhmän asettaminen (“Setting up a working group”) it gives the membership. It is good to see that there are many members from cybersecurity, ICT and computer science organisations.
|Johanna Suurpää||Ministry of Justice||Chair|
|Arto Jääskeläinen||Ministry of Justice||Vice-Chair|
|Markus Rahkola||Ministry of Finance||member|
|Mikko Viitaila||Finnish Communications Regulatory Agency FICORA – Cybersecurity (Viestintäviraston Kyberturvallisuuskeskus)||member|
|Anniina Tjurin||Legal Register Centre, responsible for information systems in the Ministry of Justice (Oikeusrekisterikeskus)||member|
|Juha Mäenalusta||Legal Register Centre, responsible for information systems in the Ministry of Justice (Oikeusrekisterikeskus)||member|
|Tommi Simula||Government ICT Centre (Valtion tieto- ja viestintätekniikkakeskus Valtori)||member|
|Pauli Pekkanen||Population Register Centre (Väestörekisterikeskus)||member|
|Tuomas Aura||Aalto University, Department of Computer Science (Aalto yliopisto, Tietotekniikan laitos)||member|
|Seppo Virtanen||University of Turku, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science / Department of Mathematics and Statistics (Turun yliopisto, Matematiikan ja tilastotieteen laitos)||member|
|Marianne Kinnula||University of Oulu, Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering ITEE (Oulun yliopisto, Tieto- ja sähkötekniikan tiedekunta)||member|
|Hanna Wass||Election Study Consortium (Kansallinen vaalitutkimuskonsortio)||member|
|Timo Karjalainen||Electronic Frontier Finland ry EFFI||member|
|Anneli Salomaa||Ministry of Justice||Project Manager|
|Heini Huotarinen||Ministry of Justice||Inspector General ? (Ylitarkastaja)|
Chair of the working group may appoint a technical sub-group practice for preparatory work.
Inquiries:Johanna Suurpää, chair of the working group, Director, Ministry of Justice, tel. 02951 50534
Anneli Salomaa, secretary of the working group, Project Manager, tel. 02951 50164email: firstname.lastname@example.org